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Dolomite is placed in High-Tech windmills, that rotate with up to 20,000 revolutions per minute. It is ground to a very fine powder with a particle size smaller than the stomatal opening of the leaf. During the milling process the particles are negatively charged so they become adherant. Lithovit is then suspended in water and sprayed on the leaves. Its particles penetrate through the stomata into the intercellular "compartment". This creates a physico-chemical reaction at the cell membrane, release CO2 at high concentration. As a result, photosynthesis is greatly enhanced. (By Prof. Dr. Abdel-Latif, Bilal)
In the high-tech milling process brings an extremely high mechanical energy is into the system. Since energy can be neither destroyed nor created a new, but only converted from one form into another, only a small part of the mechanical energy is converted by friction into heat. Most of it is converted into activation energy of the particles. The collision of the spun at very high speed particles their lattice, not only in the surface layer but also in some underlying layers. The main form of activation, however, is to polarize the electrical charges within the particles such that the negative charges move toward the surface, while the positive remains practically in the center. This charge polarization plays for the CO2 release from the Lithovit the decisive role. (By Prof. Dr. Abdel-Latif, Bilal)
No. On the contrary. This layer acts as a long-term reserve that supplies the plant with CO2 for a long time directly on the leaf surface. The CO2 diffuses through the stomata equal increase in the intracellular "compartment" to photosynthesis. (By Prof. Dr. Abdel-Latif, Bilal)
In such cultures, it is recommended to add suitable wetting agent to use a Lithovit suspension of only 0.3% and end the spray before flowering or about 4 weeks before harvest, so that the thin gray Lithovitschicht by watering (spraying with ) or by rain (outdoors) to harvest washed or metabolized. (By Prof. Dr. Abdel-Latif, Bilal)
There are two mechanisms by which CO2 is released from the Lithovit:
First mechanism: The Lithovit particles that enter the intracellular "compartment" dock, with its negative surface of the cell membrane, where they produce a negative potential. In the first step of photosynthesis water is split inside the cell. This produces protons (positive hydrogen ions). These are attracted by the negative potential across the membrane, attach to the negative carbonate on the surface of Lithovitteilchen to the formation of unstable carbonic acid which breaks down into CO2 and water.
The second mechanism: the carbonate of remaining on the leaf surface at night Lithovit takes both CO2 from the atmosphere and from respiration of plants and water from dew and from plant respiration and thus converted into a thermodynamic equilibrium reaction in hydrogen. On the day the temperature rises, the water evaporates and thus the thermodynamic equilibrium withdrawn, the reaction is thereby to the left side moved back with reformation of the carbonate and CO2 produced directly on the leaf surface and the same through the stomata into the intercellular "compartment" diffuses. This "ping-pong" effect provides the plant with CO2 as long as the Lithovitschicht exists on the sheet. (By Prof. Dr. Abdel-Latif, Bilal)
From the chemical point of view is Lithovit unlimited shelf life as long as it does not come into contact with acids or acidic moisture. By contact with alkaline solutions or with alkaline moisture the magnesium Mg (OH) 2 forms an insoluble gel-like compound which blocks the spray nozzles. (By Prof. Dr. Abdel-Latif, Bilal)
Usually there are no problems. In rare cases, problems can occur, depending on the pH of the added agent and the pH of the final mixture. First If the pH <5.8, it dissolves Lithovit and Carbon Dioxide is released.
Second if the he pH level oft he water is more than 9.8-10 it will clog the spray nozzles. This happens even when large amounts of magnesium ions are added to the suspension,. In this case the solubilit of Magnesium is exceeded. Such precipitation can be prevented by adding small quantities of ammonium salts such as ammonium nitrate or ammonium chloride (both fertilizers). How much ammonium salt should be added depends on the final pH of the mixture, on the concentration of Lithovit suspension and of course the added amount of magnesium salt and must individually be accurately calculated.
Third If the phosphates, such as the herbicide glyphosate, are to be added, they will to prohibit the addition of ammonium salts,. Magnesium a-Ammonium phosphate salts, also clog the spray nozzles.
Definitely not. The Al toxicity occurs in the root zone, with positively charged Aluminum ions The particles dock in the root tissue and block the calcium. Positively charged Aluminum ions can only exist in an acid soil. When Lithovit is used as a foliar and soil fertizer, the suspension is a weak alkaline. When Lithovit is used as a fertilizer, it works against the very high carbonate content of the acidic soil and increases the pH, so that then also in the root zone, the aluminum does not occur as a toxic positive ions.
What are the advantages of Lithovit compared to other fertilizers?
Lithovit is a pure mineral fertilizer, which emits no harmful chemical residues on the environment.
Yes. Wetting agents reduce the surface tension so that the sprayed suspension does not remain as small droplets on the leaf surface but cover them Tests have proven Exciter Extract works excellent as a wetting agent. and in tests by farmers have shown results. It is more effective to use a small dose of Lithovit (3/4 lbs) per acre and apply it 2 to 3 times across your fields give you better protection then 1 large dose.
Yes, we need Lithovitson the leaves. It acts as a long-term reserve to supply the plant with CO2, as long as it exists.
An overdose can lead to leaf in perennial plants . As a result of such leaf damage, an overdose may cause yield losses. In particular, the recommendations given in the application of usage cannot be increased . All recommendations are designed so that smaller, operational deviations have no negative impact on yield and product quality, it is recommended that the formula recommended for use on the product label is followed
In this case acts a mechanism which depends on two factors:
First The first factor is the structure of the wall enclosing the Stomataporen(guard) cells .The walls of the guard cells, wh are separate them from neighboring cells and are flexible and extensible. In contrast, the walls that enclose the Stomataporen thick and therefore less elastic. Consider first a closed Pore: water flows from the neighboring cells or by intracellular "compartment" in the guard cells, which causes the cell to expand. When water is transported in the opposite direction, the guard cells shrink. Lithovit causes the pores to close in drought and retain water.
Lithovit increases the CO2 in the solution of the intercellular "compartments", and increases photosynthesis and the formation of carbohydrates and sugars in the aqueous solution of the plant. The thermodynamics of the freezing temperature of water is decreased with Lithovit. CO2 prevents the formation of ethylene, which acts as a ripening hormone (inhibiting photosynthesis by degrading chlorophyll). so Photosynthesis, the metabolic processes and the associated energy